Energy signatures for assessing the energy performance of chillers

F. W. Yu, K. T. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates how energy signatures can be used as an alternative to an energy use intensity (describing the annual electricity consumption of chillers in kWh per unit floor area of a building in m 2) to assess the energy performance of chillers with various design options and operating strategies. An energy signature is a best-fit straight line relating chiller power to a climatic index when chillers operate for a building cooling load profile. Sixteen combinations of four design options and four operating strategies for chillers serving a hypothetical hotel are studied by simulation. For each combination, an energy signature for the chillers is determined. The slope and intercept of the energy signature can be used to accurately predict the annual electricity consumption of the chillers and to evaluate the extent to which this consumption can drop when chiller efficiency is improved. It is desirable to develop reference energy signatures in relation to different characteristics of building cooling load as a yardstick for the minimum requirement of chiller performance. With this yardstick, the effectiveness of energy efficient measures in the operation of chillers could be identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-746
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005


  • Building cooling load
  • Chiller energy performance
  • Energy signatures


Dive into the research topics of 'Energy signatures for assessing the energy performance of chillers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this