Mechanical alloying characteristics and thermal stability of Ti-Al-Si and Ti-Al-Si-C powders

A. Vyas, K. P. Rao, Y. V.R.K. Prasad

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Several stoichiometric ternary Ti-Al-Si and quaternary Ti-Al-Si-C alloys have been prepared by mechanical alloying of elemental powder blends. The structural and morphological evolutions in these powders are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). XRD results have shown that the elemental powders Ti-Al-Si are progressively transformed into a nanocrystalline solid solution and amorphous phase during mechanical alloying. The results for the powder mixture of quaternary 58Ti-30Al-6Si-6C have shown that supersaturated solid solutions of Ti in nano- and submicro-scales are formed, while Ti5Si3 and TiC compounds are produced in the powder mixture of 50Ti-15Al-20Si-15C. These compositions may be used as distinct precursors for preparing in situ titanium aluminide composites. Investigations on thermal stability of 40 h-milled quaternary powders have indicated that Ti5Si3 is first formed at a lower temperature followed by Al2Ti4C2 and TiC at an intermediate temperature (820 °C). In the case of ternary system a stable Ti5Si3 phase is formed through a series of transitions when heated to 1200 °C. All the above phases are stable at elevated temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-260
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2009


  • Intermetallics
  • Mechanical alloying
  • Powder metallurgy
  • Thermal analysis
  • X-ray diffraction


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