Optimization of water-cooled chiller system with load-based speed control

F. W. Yu, K. T. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the energy performance of chiller and cooling tower systems integrated with variable condenser water flow and optimal speed control for tower fans and condenser water pumps. Thermodynamic-behaviour chiller and cooling tower models were developed to assess how different control methods of cooling towers and condenser water pumps influence the trade-off between the chiller power, pump power, fan power and water consumption under various operating conditions. Load-based speed control is introduced for the tower fans and condenser water pumps to achieve optimum system performance. With regard to an example chiller system serving an office building, the optimal control coupled with variable condenser water flow could reduce the annual system electricity use by 5.3% and operating cost by 4.9% relative to the equivalent system using constant speed fans and pumps with a fixed set point for cooling water temperature control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-950
Number of pages20
JournalApplied Energy
Volume85
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • Coefficient of performance
  • Electricity consumption
  • Operating costs
  • Water-cooled chiller

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