Scale development for environmental perception of public space

Robbie Ho, Wing Tung Au

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


We developed a psychometric scale for measuring the subjective environmental perception of public spaces. In the scale development process, we started with an initial pool of 85 items identified from the literature that were related to environmental perception. A total of 1,650 participants rated these items on animated images of 12 public spaces through an online survey. Using principal component analyses and confirmatory factor analyses, we identified two affective factors (comfort and activity) with 8 items and six cognitive factors (legibility, enclosure, complexity, crime potential, wildlife, and lighting) with 22 items. These eight factors represent the core attributes underlying environmental perception of public spaces. Practicality of the scale and limitations of the study are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number596790
Number of pages21
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 2020


  • environmental perception
  • public place
  • public space
  • scale development
  • urban


Dive into the research topics of 'Scale development for environmental perception of public space'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this