The effects of perceptions of flagshipness and iconicity on word of mouth for attractions and destinations

Jing Xu, Kim Ieng Loi, Weng Hang Kong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Many destination loyalty studies have explored the antecedents of loyalty and the related relationships. Few studies have attempted to show how the specific attributes of a destination, such as visitor attractions, affect destination loyalty. This study fills the gap by investigating how word of mouth about a destination, a meaningful surrogate of loyalty in the international tourism market, can be developed through perceptions of the destination’s tourist attractions. Further, a new way of differentiating attractions through the perception of flagshipness and iconicity is identified. Using Macao as the research context, this study shows how perceptions of attraction flagshipness and iconicity can help Macao formulate marketing strategies and position itself as a choice destination, both regionally and globally. The results indicate the sophisticated relationships between attraction flagshipness and iconicity and word of mouth about attractions and destinations. It also enriches knowledge and discussion by discussing the theoretical and practical implications for destination marketing and management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-107
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Vacation Marketing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Destination
  • flagshipness
  • iconicity
  • Macao
  • visitor attraction
  • word of mouth


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