The flipped classroom teaching method has existed for many years. Past research indicates that students could have better self-directed learning skills, more in-depth learning, higher satisfaction, and motivation to study through flipped classroom learning. However, some challenges arise for students and teachers, such as student capability; lack of preparation; low motivation to watch pre-recorded videos; and low interaction. During the pandemic period, students began engaging in online or hybrid learning. Fortunately, instructors are familiar with technology. Our study aims to investigate the flipped classroom learning readiness of university students during the pandemic era, both in face-to-face and online mode. The classes were conducted in a hybrid manner, with two groups of students under the same treatment. The results indicate that the intention to participate in the flipped classroom setting is associated with readiness and perceived control. Such an intention is also the same regardless of learning mode. Perceived behavioral control is a partial mediator between student readiness and intention to participate in flipped classroom.
- flipped classroom
- hybrid learning
- intention to participate in flipped classroom learning
- students’ readiness